Summer journal madness continues with the May issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology. It's a diverse issue, check it out:
- Taras et al. conducted a very large meta-analysis of the association between Hofstede's cultural value dimensions (e.g., power distance, masculinity, individualism) and a wide variety of individual outcomes. One interesting finding is the stronger relationship between these values and emotions (organizational commitment, OCBs, etc.) compared to job performance.
- Are high performers more likely to stay or leave? In a study of over 12,000 employees in the insurance industry over a 3-year period, Nyberg found the answer was: it depends. Specifically, it depends on the labor market and pay growth.
- Think g (cognitive ability) is just related to job performance? In a (albeit small) study by Judge, et al., it turns out it was also related to physical and economic well-being. Maybe their next study will address my personal hypothesis: g is related to choice of car.
- A study by Lievens, et al. (in press version here) found with a sample of 192 incumbents from 64 occupations that 25% of the variance in competency ratings (like you might find in a job analysis) was due to the nature of the rater's job, such as level of complexity. Not surprisingly, the greatest consensus was reached for jobs that involved a lot of equipment or contact with the public.
- Self-efficacy (i.e.., confidence) has been proposed as an important predictor of job performance. In a study by Schmidt & DeShon, the authors found that this relationship depends on the ambiguity present in the situation--in situations high in ambiguity, self-efficacy was negatively related to job performance; in situations low in ambiguity, the opposite was true.
- Finally, for anyone citing Ilies, et al.'s 2009 study of the relationship between personality and OCB, there have been a couple corrections.